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Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) Mortgage Rates

Use our comparison tool and find the best mortgage rates today from RBC!

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Down payment
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Current mortgage
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RBC Royal Bank

RBC Royal Bank is Canada’s largest bank, and among the 15 largest financial institutions in the world by market capitalization, serving more than 17 million clients. The bank operates in 35 countries outside of Canada, including the U.S., with more than 86,000 full- and part-time employees.

In 2019, RBC was named “North American Retail Bank of the Year” by Retail Banker International, and also claimed “Best Loyalty/Rewards Strategy.” The bank has a rich history in Canada, dating back to 1864 when it was founded in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Today, its corporate headquarters is located in Toronto, Ontario and its legal head office is located in Montreal, Quebec

RBC mortgage rates

Thanks to its large customer base of more than 10 million, RBC’s mortgage rates are the most-searched of any Canadian lender. The bank is considered a trendsetter in the mortgage market since so many other lenders follow its moves.

RBC’s mortgage rates don’t vary much from those offered by Canada’s other major banks, except occasionally when it comes to pricing on special mortgage offers. The bank also routinely matches rate quotes offered by its bank peers, as most big banks do.

One major perk of RBC over its competitors is the bank offers the lowest funding cost of virtually any lender in the country. That’s thanks in part to its sheer scale and strong credit rating. This allows RBC to easily match rates when competing for mortgage clients if it really wants to. The bank is not always aggressive when it comes to competitive mortgage pricing for everyday clients, but it never hurts to ask if they will rate match.

RBC offers a variety of mortgage products, including standard fixed and variable rates, as well as hybrid, cashback and construction draw mortgages, and its Homeline Plan, or home equity line of credit (HELOC).

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RBC posted mortgage rates

All of Canada’s big banks, including RBC, advertise three types of rates:

  1. Posted rates are non-discounted rates that are mostly used as a point of reference and for calculating prepayment penalties (the fees charged if you break your closed mortgage early). Well-qualified borrowers should never accept a posted rate and are rarely offered one, except perhaps on renewal when the bank hopes to catch borrowers napping.
  2. Special mortgage rates are typically limited-time promos that the bank offers on select terms. They sometimes come with specific restrictions and are rarely market-leading.
  3. Discretionary rates are the best mortgage rates that RBC and other big banks can offer, but they’re only available to well-qualified borrowers. The big banks don’t publish discretionary rates. Instead, clients typically get quoted them by bank representatives following a negotiation process. The discretionary pricing available to individual borrowers can differ and is impacted by factors such as one’s credit-worthiness, history with the bank, assets and their negotiating ability.

To assist with the research process, rate comparison sites like RATESDOTCA post discretionary rates estimates among other rates. These estimates are based on common industry discounts from posted rates and intelligence gathered from mortgage advisors in the field. They’re a useful starting point for any big bank rate negotiation.

RBC cash rebates

It’s become fashionable for big banks to try and entice customers with cash rebates upon closing. These rebates may be limited to new customers only, and often apply only to longer-term fixed or variable mortgages.

Cash bonuses are great, but remember there is no free lunch. If RBC’s rate is higher than you can get elsewhere for a similar or better product, an RBC mortgage could potentially cost you far more than the cash it pays you upfront. Always do the math to see how much interest you’ll pay at RBC versus other lenders, and then decide if the cash rebate is worth it. This applies to cash rebates offered by all lenders.

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RBC fixed-rate mortgages


Like all of Canada’s big banks, RBC offers a slew of fixed mortgage terms, including the most popular 5-year fixed mortgage.

RBC’s fixed mortgage rates can be guaranteed for up to 120 days prior to the closing date of your home. Other RBC mortgage features include a 10% lump sum and 10% payment increase prepayment privilege, optional double-up payments (allowing you to double the size of your monthly mortgage payment), and a Skip-a-Payment option one time per year. One knock about RBC has long been its lump-sum prepayment feature. Unlike most banks, RBC limits borrowers to one lump-sum prepayment per year, which many find overly restrictive.

Extended amortizations are available up to 30 years, although the bank typically adds a 0.10%-point surcharge for amortizations over 25 years. RBC offers a range of payment frequency options to suit your needs and your desired repayment schedule. These options include monthly, semi-monthly, bi-weekly, weekly, accelerated bi-weekly and accelerated weekly payments.

The biggest downside of an RBC mortgage involves breaking the mortgage early. Closed RBC mortgages entail a penalty and a discharge/assignment fee of up to $250 in some provinces, as of January 2018. But due to how the bank calculates penalties on its fixed mortgages, the cost to discharge an RBC mortgage early can be prohibitive. Depending on the customer and rates at the time, RBC interest rate differential charges can be roughly 2-4 times bigger than many non-bank lenders.

If you’re getting a fixed rate, you should generally factor in the penalty and demand a lower rate to compensate for it.

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RBC variable rate mortgages


For those interested in a floating mortgage rate, RBC offers both 3- and 5-year variable rates, which allow borrowers to take advantage of falling borrowing costs and upfront interest savings.

As the name suggests, variable interest rates rise or fall from the negotiated initial rate. Those changes occur as the prime rate fluctuates since all floating interest rates are based on either a discount from prime or a premium on top of the prime. RBC Royal Bank is a fixed-payment variable rate lender. That means that when prime rate falls or rises, your monthly payment remains fixed, but the amount directed towards paying down your principal fluctuates instead. As with most lenders, RBC's second-most popular term is its 5-year variable mortgage.

Another feature with RBC’s variable-rate mortgages is that they are convertible, meaning you can convert into another term at any time. This is handy when interest rates start rising and you want to switch to the stability of a fixed-rate mortgage without penalty. One thing to be aware of is that the rates offered when you’re converting a mortgage aren’t always competitive.

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Historical RBC mortgage rates

RBC's advertised special offer 5-year fixed and variable rates

* As of May 29, 2020

Year 5yr Fixed 5yr Variable
2020* 2.99% 2.45%
2019 3.24% 3.35%
2018 3.89% 3.30%
2017 3.39% 3.20%
2016 2.94% 2.95%
2015 2.89% 2.95%

RBC homeline plan - home equity line of credit (HELOC)

In addition to mortgages, RBC offers its flexible RBC Homeline Plan, a re-advanceable home equity line of credit (HELOC) that lets you borrow against the equity built up in your home. Its most popular feature is readvancing. As you pay off your mortgage principal, you can immediately re-borrow those funds from the credit line.

There are certain restrictions to qualifying for RBC’s Homeline Plan. First, you will need strong credit as well as a minimum of 20% equity. You can then borrow up to 65% of the appraised value of your home in the form of a revolving line of credit. Another 15% can be lent to you as a regular mortgage. The LOC and mortgage portions can be any size as long as you qualify.

Homeline is a collateral charge mortgage, meaning you can borrow more without the need to visit a lawyer. On the flip side, this can potentially cost you more in the event that you change lenders.

RBC clients have convenient online and ATM access to their Royal Credit Line and RBC mortgage all in one place. Homeline can be accessed easily and quickly for a wide variety of uses, including being used as an emergency fund, or to finance everything from renovations, vehicle purchases, tuition fees for a family member and even investment options.

Historical RBC HELOC rates

Year Rates
2020 2.95%
2019 4.45%
2018 4.45%
2017 3.70%
2016 3.20%
2015 3.20%

Frequently asked questions about RBC mortgage rates

How do you get an RBC mortgage?

RBC-branded mortgages are only available through the bank’s branches, mortgage specialists or call centre. Unlike several of the other big banks, RBC does not make its mortgage products available through the mortgage broker channel. To contact RBC’s mortgage support line, call 1-800-769-2511.

How do you use an RBC mortgage specialist?

Rather than using mortgage brokers to sell its mortgage products, RBC instead relies on its in-house team of mortgage specialists.

They work as commissioned mortgage representatives and, similar to a mortgage broker, with the compensation levels being dependent on factors like the size of the mortgage sold, mortgage type and the final mortgage rate.

Keep this in mind when dealing with RBC mortgage specialists, or any big-bank mortgage representative, and always ask yourself if the recommendations being put forth are in your best financial interest. Also remember that bank mortgage specialists have the ability to “buy down” your mortgage rate, just like a mortgage broker. This means they can forfeit a portion of their commission to get you a lower mortgage rate.

Mortgage specialists almost exclusively work with new bank clients, and generally don’t handle renewals for existing clients.

How can you switch to an RBC Royal Bank mortgage?

Like most banks, RBC promotes a “low or no-cost” switch experience by offering to reduce or eliminate the costs involved. These switch costs typically entail legal, registration, title insurance and appraisal fees. One cost that RBC typically doesn’t cover is your prior (existing) lender’s “assignment” fee (a.k.a. discharge fee). That can range from $200 to $400.

The switch process is relatively straightforward. It starts with you contacting an RBC mortgage specialist, negotiating your rate and then applying.

Once your RBC mortgage is approved, you provide the usual paperwork and the bank requests a mortgage payout statement from your existing lender. It then register’s RBC’s mortgage as the first mortgage on your home and your mortgage closes. This all happens behind the scenes. RBC also offers an online “Mortgage Mover” service to make the mortgage switching process even faster for existing RBC customers.

How can you get pre-approved for a RBC Royal Bank mortgage?

Getting a pre-approval for a mortgage with RBC allows you to begin your homebuying process with peace of mind since you already know the size of the mortgage you’ve qualified for.

Note that a pre-approval is a more significant and involved step compared to just pre-qualifying for a rate. For example, a pre-approval requires the lender to access your credit report and verify your financial information.

Once pre-approved, the lender can make a commitment to fund your mortgage, subject to certain conditions, such as property valuation. Be warned that a pre-approval is not necessarily a guarantee that you will receive a specific mortgage rate since circumstances, such as your credit score, can change between the time of your pre-approval and the time of your planned purchase.

Click here to start your RBC mortgage pre-approval process.

How to get the best RBC mortgage rate?

Aside from ensuring your credit score is top-notch and your finances are in order, the one step that can make a material difference in your final mortgage rate is negotiation.

While it may seem intimidating to haggle with a big bank, remember that all RBC mortgage rates are negotiable. Big-bank mortgage reps and mortgage specialists are incentivized to close the deal at the highest rate possible. You should never accept the first-rate you’re quoted.

One of the best ways to negotiate successfully is to come fully prepared. That means checking mortgage rate comparison websites such as Rates.ca, so you know what rates other lenders are offering. Don’t be afraid to ask the bank rep to beat that rate. They will always give you pushback because they are trained to. But in the end, they can and often do, do better.

And if your RBC banker refuses, simply tell them you plan to shop around at other lenders and that they can reach out should they change their offer. Remember, as long as you’re well-qualified and have other options, the bank needs you more than you need the bank.

Which RBC Royal Bank mortgage calculator is the best?

RBC offers a wide selection of useful mortgage calculators to assist homebuyers for their mortgage planning needs.

Popular mortgage calculators include RBC’s mortgage payment calculator, rent or buy calculator, prepayment calculator and credit selector tool.

Another popular mortgage calculator is RBC’s Home Value Estimator, which uses public records and recent sales in your neighbourhood to predict your property value. In most housing markets, its value range is fairly accurate.

List of RBC Mortgage Calculators


-Mortgage Payment Calculator
-Home Value Estimator
-How Much Home Can I Afford?
-Neighbourhood Explorer
-Mortgage Prepayment Calculator
-Rent or Buy Calculator
-Which Type of Mortgage is Right for Me?
-Credit Selector Tool

Here's the link to them.

What is ‘Home by RBC’?

If you’re a banking or mortgage client of RBC, Home by RBC is an online dashboard offering resources related to all stages of the homebuying process and homeownership.

It offers personalized tools and other resources, including easy access to:


-RBC’s True House Affordability calculator, which allows you to pre-qualify for a mortgage in as little as 60 seconds).
-RBC’s Home Value Estimator, which allows you to access an up-to-date home evaluation, as well as neighbourhood price details and your property’s price history.
-RBC’s Mortgage Payment Calculator: a handy widget allowing you to calculate your monthly mortgage payment based on your purchase price, down payment, interest rate and payment frequency.
-Additional resources in the form of mortgage articles, calculators and other tools.

What is RBC's prime rate?

RBC has established itself as a leader in setting Canada’s prime rate. Following Bank of Canada interest rate movements, RBC is often the first out of the gate to announce its change in prime rate, followed by Canada’s other big five banks.

Prime rate serves as the foundation for setting all floating-rate mortgages, as well as personal and home equity lines of credit.

RBC mortgage renewals

When your RBC mortgage comes up for renewal at the end of its term, you may not be offered the best mortgage rates on the market. Those who renew with banks are often not given the lowest “floor rates” that are offered to brand new clients.

And here’s another word of advice. It’s never wise to accept the first renewal rate offered by your financial institution, be it from RBC or any other lender. Instead, be sure to negotiate down to a lower mortgage rate. If the bank isn’t willing to play ball, don’t be afraid to walk away and compare your options with other lenders (assuming you’re prepared to leave your bank for the sake of a lower mortgage rate).

It’s also wise to begin your mortgage renewal process early to avoid the pressure of deadline. At least 60 to 120 days is recommended, as it gives you time to rate shop elsewhere if need be.

10-year history of RBC prime rate

Period Rates
March 2020 2.45%
March 2020 2.95%
March 2020 3.45%
October 2018 3.95%
July 2018 3.7%
January 2018 3.45%
September 2017 3.20%
July 2017 2.95%
July 2015 2.70%
January 2015 2.85%
Septembe 2010 3.00%
July 2010 2.75%
June 2010 2.5%
April 2009 2.25%
March 2009 2.5%
January 2009 3.00%

RBC pros


There are certain benefits to getting a mortgage with RBC.
Here are some of them:

  • Full-service: One of the main benefits of getting a mortgage with RBC is that you will automatically have access to a wide range of additional financial products, such as investment products, unsecured and secured loans (including lines of credit) and a wide variety of banking accounts.
  • Reputation: If a name brand matters to you, it’s hard to beat the reputation of Canada’s most popular bank. RBC strives to offer conservative reliable banking and mortgage services to its clients and has rigid controls in place to protect its clientele from all forms of fraud.
  • Branch Access: With more than 1,200 branches across the country, as an RBC Royal Bank client you will never be far from personalized, face-to-face contact should you need it. (Although, fewer people need it today than ever before.)
  • Rate Discretion: Although big banks don’t go out of their way to promote it, they do offer better mortgage rates to “preferred” clients. If you do a lot of business with the bank, for example, and have outstanding credit, RBC is more likely to offer you rock-bottom mortgage rates if you know how to ask.
  • Products Options: RBC has one of the biggest balance sheets in Canada, so its vast funding sources allow it to offer more mortgage products (like rental financing, vacation home financing, cottage financing, non-resident financing, commercial financing, etc.) at better rates than many competitors. Often, RBC’s renewal rates on rental property financing, for example, are better than what consumers can find elsewhere.
    Note: some of these niche products often require at least 20% down or 35% in some cases.
  • Convenience: Again, if you require or simply prefer face-to-face contact when searching for a mortgage, RBC offers in-person visits by its mortgage specialists. They’re more than happy to come and meet you at your home, office or in a public setting like a coffee shop. If face-to-face isn’t your cup of tea, nearly all RBC services can be accessed through its online banking portal.
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RBC cons


Securing a mortgage through Canada’s largest bank isn’t always what it’s cut out to be. Here are some of the potential disadvantages of getting a mortgage from RBC:

  • Higher Rates: Despite its leading funding costs, RBC mortgage rates often aren’t the lowest rates available. Lower mortgage rates can often be found through online discount mortgage brokers and digital-first mortgage lenders. Even credit unions have lower promotional rates at times.
  • Less Choice: Unlike with a mortgage broker, when you go to RBC looking for a mortgage, you’ll be limited to the selection of RBC-branded mortgages, which may or may not be the best fit for you.
  • High Mortgage Prepayment Penalties: One of the biggest downsides of dealing with top-10 banks is their penalty formulas. In many cases, if you break your fixed mortgage early you could face a brutal prepayment charge (a.k.a., the IRD, or interest rate differential charge). IRD penalties from big banks can be thousands of dollars more than non-bank penalties, mainly because they’re based on the bank’s higher posted rates.
  • Biased Advice: Let’s face it, when you walk into an RBC branch looking for a mortgage, you’re not going to get an objective comparison of TD or HSBC mortgages, even if they have the lowest rate on the market. When dealing with any big bank, its bank reps aren’t incentivized to tell you when another lender has a better product for your needs, for obvious reasons.
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RBC’s prepayment charges

One of the downsides of a fixed-rate mortgage is the restriction on paying out your mortgage early. Despite well-thought-out plans, unexpected life events can happen, sometimes requiring a mortgage to be broken and paid out early.

Like all of Canada’s Big 6 banks, RBC’s fixed-rate mortgage prepayment charges are calculated on the greater of:

  • Three months’ interest, or
  • The interest rate differential (IRD)


This is based on the difference between your rate and the rate the bank could lend at today, for a term equivalent to your remaining term. The more your rate is above today’s rates, the higher the IRD charge.


Big banks are notorious for having high—sometimes astronomical—IRD penalties. Consider this when mortgage shopping, and if there’s the slightest chance you may need to break your mortgage early, you may be better suited to a variable-rate mortgage (which charges three months’ interest penalty to break a mortgage early), or better off with a fair penalty lender.

Check out how to estimate your prepayment charges: RBC’s sample prepayment charge calculation

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