A significant part of what goes into determining your car insurance rate is your driving history, including any traffic convictions you may have on your record.
There are a variety of different types of tickets, and some have more influence on your premium than others if you are convicted. For example, if you have what's commonly called a "minor" ticket on your record, you may not see a premium hike at renewal. But if you have a couple of minor tickets or a "major" one, it’s possible your premium will spike. It depends on what those convictions are.
The following are examples of what is typically considered minor and major traffic convictions. However, keep in mind that sometimes how a ticket is classified may vary by province or insurer.
Minor traffic convictions:
- Speeding up to 45 km/h over the posted speed limit (Note: The cut-off may vary.)
- Following too closely
- Failing to signal before a turn or lane change
- Failing to obey a stop sign
- Failing to wear a seatbelt
- Failing to produce your driver's licence or proof of insurance
Major traffic convictions:
- Distracted driving
- Failing to report an accident
- Improper passing of a school bus
- Speeding in a school zone
- Speeding in a construction zone
- Driving without insurance
- Speeding more than 50 km/h (Note: The cut-off may vary.)
In addition to minor and major tickets, there's another classification: serious or criminal convictions. These violations or criminal convictions often come with the threat of a licence suspension or jail time:
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How long do traffic tickets affect your car insurance?
In general, traffic convictions will affect your rate for three years. However, if your ticket (or tickets) results in a licence suspension, the suspension usually is factored into your premium for six years. Parking tickets, by the way, do not affect your insurance rate.
Tickets and car insurance: Honesty is the best policy
No matter what type of ticket you have, don't fudge the information you enter when getting car insurance quotes.
Insurance companies will most certainly check the driving records of all people applying for coverage. If they find that you misrepresented any information on your application, the insurance company can cancel your policy for "non-disclosure". This type of cancellation is a black mark on your insurance record, and it can mean you will be paying higher insurance rates for many years to come.