Daylight is increasingly scarce at this time of year, and for many drivers, this means getting to work, and home again, under the cloak of darkness. It's a reality that for most people can't be avoided. It's also true, however, that night driving can be challenging.

The following tips will help you overcome the challenges that lay ahead as winter approaches and the nights get longer.

1. Take care of your eyes

As we age, changes in our vision may make driving at night more difficult. Have your eyes checked regularly, annually, to make sure your peepers are in tip-top shape.

2. Carry a well-stocked roadside emergency kit

Carry an emergency roadside kit in your trunk that contains (among other things) jumper cables, a first aid kit, flashlight and batteries, and flares. Ensuring you have a kit that contains lighting aids will ensure your visibility if your car were to breakdown while driving at night.

3. Keep it clean

Wipe down dirty windows that can increase the glare you get from other cars making it more difficult to drive, and if your windows are frosted up, wait until the defrost kicks in before heading out.

4. Wear your seatbelt

Police still consider not wearing a seatbelt one of the “Big Four Killers” on the road - the other three being aggressive driving, driving while impaired, and distracted driving. Buckle up for safety’s sake but also to avoid a ticket. If you’re caught without a seatbelt on the resulting ticket could affect your car insurance rate for three years.

5. Drive sober

Driving while impaired, whether by cannabis or alcohol, significantly reduces your ability to see what’s on the road, drive defensively, and make quick decisions. Whether you designate a driver, call someone to pick you up, stay the night, take public transit, or call a taxi/ridesharing service, there are no excuses for getting behind the wheel while impaired.

6. Drive alert

Avoid driving if you are in anyway fatigued. When you are drowsy or tired, you are less alert, and your reaction time is impacted.

7. Put the phone away

You’re more likely to be involved in a collision if you’re paying attention to your phone and not the road.

8. Use GPS technology

Pre-program your GPS device before you head out on the road. This will help ensure you aren’t distracted while driving, while also ensuring you don’t get lost when driving in unfamiliar territory — an intimidating task, especially at night.

9. Follow the light

Where possible, take roads that are direct and well lit. And, before you hit the road make sure all your headlights, signal lights, and brake lights are working.

10. Follow the speed limit

With fewer cars on the road, it can be easy to speed, even accidentally. But following the limit will help reduce your chances of a collision, as well as getting a speeding ticket that could increase your auto insurance rates for years.

11. Adjust your speed to account for weather conditions

The posted speed limit isn’t a suggestion, it’s the maximum speed you should be driving in ideal weather conditions. If it’s snowing, raining, or if the roads are icy, slow down and take your time.

12. Stay in your light

Overdriving your headlights occurs when “you drive so fast your stopping distance is father than you can see with your headlights,” Ontario’s Ministry of Transportation (MTO) reports. Give yourself the space needed to be able to safely stop and slow down.

13. Don't rely on your daytime running lights

Daytime running lights do not provide sufficient light when it's dark, even in well-lit urban areas. Use your vehicle's headlights to light the way at night but be careful when switching over to your high beams. In general, your high beams should only be used in rural areas and only if it doesn't cause issues for other drivers on the road.

14. Minimize glare from other vehicles

When faced with bright headlights, MTO recommends looking “up and beyond and slightly to the right of the oncoming lights.” And, for the vehicles behind you, make use of your rearview mirror’s anti-glare feature if their headlights are bothering you.

15. Watch for animals

Sticking to the speed limit and being especially mindful on roads surrounded by forest or fields can help prevent collisions with animals. Animals are especially common around dusk and the few hours shortly after, so scan the roads and stay alert. And remember, where there’s one animal there’s often more!

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